Honey bees and other pollinating insects are an integral part of ecosystems. They play a crucial role in pollinating crops and wild plants. An estimated 78% of all plant species on Earth (including more than 200 crop species) are pollinated by insects. Therefore, insect pollinators ensure the survival of most species living on our planet.
Most plants in Poland are pollinated by the honey bee (that applies to over 90% of flowers of entomophilous plants). Other flowers are pollinated by bumblebees, solitary bees, flies, butterflies, beetles and other insects.
In Poland honey bees pollinate some 50 crop species, about 60 vegetable species as well as ca. 140 horticultural plant species, including 15 species of fruit trees and shrubs, and over 60 species of medicinal plants. Insects increase crop yields and improve their quality, particularly for such plant species as rapeseed (up to 30%), apple ( up to 90%), gooseberry (up to 70%) and strawberry (up to 20%).
However, used incorrectly, the chemical plant protection products that are vital in farming may pose risks to human and animal health and harm the environment. It is therefore essential to apply plant protection products properly to either reduce or fully eliminate such risks.
To prevent poisoning honey bees:
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Incorrect use of plant protection products frequently results in poisoning honeybees. Although it is difficult to detect such poisoning quickly and beyond doubt, its impact on the further development of bee colonies can be severe. The most reported cases of acute poisoning are those where the impact is evident with dead bees found in or near the hive.
Acting in cooperation with the Veterinary Inspectorate, the State Plant Health and Seed Inspectorate is responsible for taking official steps in cases of suspected honeybee poisoning with plant protection products. To this end, a commission may be appointed, tasked with verifying and investigating the incident. The commission may include a staff member of the Plant Health and Seed Inspectorate, a staff member of the Veterinary Inspectorate, an independent veterinarian, an apiary owner, and a representative of a beekeepers’ organization. The commission may also be appointed by a municipal authority or a city hall with jurisdiction over the location at which the poisoning occurred, or by a person who is to become a member of the commission.
The commission is responsible for immediately collecting and securing test material and sending its samples to a laboratory. In addition, members of the commission, acting within the scope of their remit, are to:
Project implemented as part of tasks 1.5
Multiannual Program of the IPP-NRI for 2016-2020
Plant Protection Institute – National Research Institute
Ulica: Władysława Węgorka 20
tel. +48 61 864 90 75
fax +48 61 864 91 20
Online Pest Warning System