The proper use of equipment for the application of plant protection products, including its regular maintenance, is important for both the effectiveness and safety of treatments.
The use of malfunctioning sprayers reduces the effectiveness of treatment, but can also have irreversible negative effects on human and animal health, and on the environment, if pesticides are overdosed. In order to limit the risks related to the use of defective (hazardous) sprayers, a system of mandatory periodic inspections of equipment used for the application of plant protection products has been established in Poland. Equipment is inspected by registered institutions supervised by the Main Inspectorate of Plant Health and Seed Inspection.
Mandatory inspections have to be done for all sprayers for professional use and non-standard equipment, i.e.:
tractor-mounted sprayers and autonomous field or orchard sprayers, systems for spraying and/or fogging pesticides in greenhouses, other equipment for spraying plant protection products, except handheld and backpack sprayers, with a tank capacity over 30 litres, seed dressing machines, except industrial dressing machines, autonomous or tractor-mounted granular pesticide applicators, equipment for the use of plant protection products mounted on railway vehicles, and agricultural spray aircraft.
Therefore, mandatory tests do not apply only to handheld and backpack sprayers.
The first inspection should be carried out not later than 5 years after the date of purchase of equipment intended for the application of plant protection products and should be repeated every:
3 years - for tractor-mounted and autonomous field or orchard sprayers and equipment for the application of plant protection products mounted on railway vehicles (certificates of inspection for equipment mounted on railway vehicles issued before 31 December 2020 are still valid for 5 years), or
5 years for other types of equipment.
Periodic technical inspections are currently required for field and orchard sprayers, equipment mounted on railway vehicles, and agricultural aircraft. For other types of equipment, the first technical inspection should be carried out not later than on 25 November 2016. After this date, only equipment for the application of pesticides that has passed inspection will be in professional use.
Regardless of the mandatory periodic inspection, equipment for the application of pesticides can only be used if it is technically sound and properly calibrated.
Projekt realizowany w zadaniach 1.5
Programu Wieloletniego IOR-PIB na lata 2016 - 2020
Instytut Ochrony Roślin - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
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